What is the place of mission in the theology of the New Testament? After clarifying the nature of mission, New Testament theology, and Scripture, the present essay assesses the significance of mission within the scope of the New Testaments message as a whole. The author first surveys the New Testament theologies by Rudolf Bultmann, George Ladd, and N. T. Wright, then the theologies of mission by Donald Senior and Carroll Stuhlmueller, and David Bosch. This is followed by a discussion of the biblical material focusing on John’s Gospel. The article concludes with three important principles in determining the place of mission in New Testament theology.